The Soviets invaded Poland on 17 September - The Soviet Union annexed the eastern part of Second Polish Republic including the city of Lviv which capitulated to the Red Army on 22 September 1939. The Soviets started repressions against local Poles and Ukrainians deporting many of the citizens into the Asiatic part of the USSR or gulags. On June 22th 1941, Nazi Germany and several of its allies invaded the USSR. The evacuating Soviets killed most of the prison population. According to the Third Reich"s racial policies local Jews then became the main target of German repressions in the region. The majority of these Jews were either killed within the city or deported to Bełżec extermination camp. By the end of the war the Jewish population of the city was eliminated. Only around 200 to 800 survivors remaining.